Big Game Hunters (9,000 - 12,000 years ago)
The earliest documented human occupation on the Central Plains is dated at around 12,000 years ago near the end of the last great Ice Age. These early people are called Paleoindians. This tradition is characterized by a highly mobile lifestyle that relied on the hunting of big game as a primary food source. Reconstruction of the customs are derived primarily from animal kill and butchering sites, and small temporary camps. The bones of butchered mammoths, camels, ground sloths, extinct forms of bison, and other animals have been found. Within this tradition several complexes have been recognized largely on the types of chipped stone spear points. Many of these forms have been named and some that have been found in Nebraska include the Clovis, Plainview, Folsom, Hell Gap, Agate Basin, Alberta, Scottsbluff, Eden, Frederick, Lusk, and Brown's Valley types.