a. Find the cases with large and small pots. SKETCH OF POT. What are the pots made of? Clay mixed with crushed shell or sand. How many different designs can you find? Answers will vary. What do you use at your house instead of clay pots? Answers will vary: metal pots and pans to cook, glass pitchers to store water, plastic containers.
b. Touch the beaver fur. Native Americans traded beaver furs to Europeans. What did the Europeans trade for the furs? Answers will vary depending on drawers they see. Look in the drawers. SKETCH OF BRACELET, METAL TOOL How many furs did it take to get a string of beads? Five
c. Find the objects worn on a person's head. Hair, feathers, and horns from many different animals were used to make these headdresses. How many animals can you find? Deer, bear, porcupine, turkey, eagle, bison, antelope, grouse, crow, magpie. What different types of things do we wear on our heads? Answers will vary: baseball caps, visors, winter hats, birthday hats.
d. Find the children's toys. What types of games do you think the Native American children played with these toys? Answers will vary, but may include playing house or playing hunting. How are these toys like your toys? Answers will vary.
e. Go to the earthlodge. What do you see that you might find in your house? Answers may include: scissors, metal buckets and pans, hoe, axe, blanket, dried foods, smoke hole (chimney), beds, shirt. What do you see that you would not find in your house? Answers may include: open fire, hole in the floor (cache pit), bison skull, dirt floor, dried grass hanging from ceiling, animal skins on the beds.
f. What musical instruments do you like to play? Find these two musical instruments SKETCHES OF DRUM AND COURTING WHISTLE. What are the instruments called? Drum and courting whistle. Which instrument is in the painting above? The courting whistle.
g. What fun places does your family like to go together? Find the large picture of the family in a wagon. Where are they going? To a pow wow.
Nebraska Joins the Union
a. Go to the case with the beaver trap. The other objects in this case were traded for beaver furs. What are they? Beads and guns.
b. Find these objects. What are they called? With a line, match the objects to the jobs.
Sketch of Shako Hat -------- Soldier at Fort Atkinson
Sketch of Receipt ----------- Trading post storekeeper
Sketch of Spurs ------------- Mail carrier, 1860s
c. Find these objects. SKETCHES What are they? An envelope and steamboat. How did they help people communicate or travel? A person can share thoughts and stories in a letter mailed to someone. A steamboat helps people and supplies to travel on the river.
d. Find the parlor room. Parlors like this were used for entertaining friends and relatives.
Find an object used for each of the following activities:
playing music piano
writing a letter desk
looking at family photos photo album
telling time grandfather clock
e. Find the old-fashioned money and look at a dollar bill from today. How does the old-fashioned money look like our money today? Student observations. How does it look different from our money today? Student observations.
f. This sod house was a one-room house for a family. Find an object used for each of the
eating table and chairs
washing hands pitcher and basin
g. What is sod? SKETCH OF SOD BRICK WITH ROOTS SHOWING) Earth cut in rectangles. Sod was made strong by prairie grass roots
BUILDING THE STATE: NEBRASKA, 1867 - 1916
a) Find the painting of a sod house and homestead. What are the different family members doing in this painting? Family members are picking flowers, standing, being held, walking, working with horses, plowing.
b) Find the artifacts brought to Nebraska by families from different countries and states. Hint: The settler area starts with a quilt. What did families bring to or make in Nebraska? Why? Answers will vary. Example: Bucksaw from Ireland-Perhaps the immigrants were planning to build their house or furniture.
c) Walk through the sod house. The sod house was a one-room house for a family. How is the sod house like your home? How is it different? Answers will vary.
d) Walk through the Omaha and Lincoln areas, look at a few "Town Building" photos. Hands-on activity.
e) Iron a skirt with the old-fashioned iron. Which nearby objects were for washing clothes? For drying? For ironing? The washboard and ringer were for washing. The clothesline and clothespins were for drying. The sad iron and crimping iron were for ironing.
f) Find the lunch pail in the school section. How is the lunch pail like what you carry your lunch in? How is it different? Answers will vary.
g) Go in the general store. Imagine a clerk is helping you behind the counters. What types of things could you buy in this store? What is missing from this store that we have today? Answers will vary.
h) Find the toy car, ice skates, toy stove, and other toys. Imagine the objects belonged to your family. What would it be like to play with these toys? Answers will vary.
What Did You Do in the War: Nebraskans in World War II
a. Sit on the couch in the living room and listen to the news. How did people in the 1940s get news? Radio, talking to other people, newspapers. How do we get news today? Radio, talking to other people, newspapers, television, fax, internet.
b. Look up at the posters near the beginning of the exhibit. SKETCH OF ONE OF THE POSTERS In these posters, find three animals and foods provided by Nebraskans for the war effort. Pigs, cows for milk, eggs. Which of these foods do you like to eat?
c. Have you ever helped make food to give someone? Go to the Canteen display. Look at the photos. What foods are the women giving to servicemen? Sandwiches, birthday cakes, fruit, drinks.
d. Look at the photo in the Victory Garden display. What Lincoln school had a victory garden? St. Theresa's. Look at the children's faces. How do you think they felt about their garden? Happy, proud.
e. Find the plastic dolls in the Children's display. What are they wearing? Military uniforms. Why would children want to play with dolls like these? Student ideas.
f. Have you ever received a badge or medal? Find the Medals of World War II. Which one is your favorite? Answers will vary. (Hint: You can find them after the women's uniforms.) On what holiday do we honor soldiers? Veterans Day.
g. Walk through the general store. What foods and other things do you recognize? Answers will vary. What is different about this store? Answers will vary. SKETCHES OF: SOUP, BUTTONS, DOLLS, BASKET