Quilts Q to T
Quilt: A coverlet or blanket made of two layers of fabric with a layer of batting in between, all stitched firmly together, usually in a decorative manner.
Quilt Frame: A large, freestanding floor apparatus made from wood or plastic pipe that holds the layers of a quilt together during quilting.
Roberta Jemison, Greene County, Alabama
84" x 74"
International Quilt Study Center, Robert and Helen Cargo Collection,
[Purchase made possible through James Foundation Acquisition fund, partial gift of Robert and Helen Cargo]
Raw Edge: The un-sewn edge of a piece of fabric used in a quilt block.
Repeat: The number of inches between a repeated pattern/motif in a piece of fabric.
Reverse Appliqué: Designs made by sewing fabric to the underside of a block and then cutting away and turning under areas of the top fabric.
Rocky Road to Kansas
Alternate name: Kaleidoscope
Mary Rosenbaum, probably Virginia
83" x 72"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Ollie Rosenbaum,
Mary Rosenbaum, the groom's grandmother, made this quilt for the wedding of Josephine Clemintine Falke and William Henry Rosenbaum. They were married August 30, 1895, in Marian, Virginia. William was a blacksmith and farmer and he and his wife came to Nebraska and farmed near Kennard. It has been said that this pattern name was indicative of the difficult travels one would have to endure to get to Kansas in the early to mid nineteenth century. Although it may be impossible to determine what inspired this evocative name, there is some credibility to its attribution having derived from the hardships of life on the trail. Other popular pattern names are Rocky Road to California, Dublin, Oklahoma, and Jericho.
Alternate name: Prairie Rose, Prairie Flower
Mary Wright Comer, McMinnville, Tennessee
99" x 80"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Charles Phillips,
This quilt illustrates two important trends in nineteenth-century appliqué quilting: the predominance of red and green and the reliance on simple shapes found in nature. Many early appliqué quilters looked to nature for their influence as floral shapes and designs were prevalent. It was not until the late eighteenth to early nineteenth century, however, that these shapes began to look more and more like identifiable flowers and plants. Additionally, appliqué quilters, for numerous reasons including aesthetic trends and available fabrics, favored red and green color schemes. Technological advances throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, however, led to abundant fabric choices and, in turn, abundant use of color and pattern in quilts. Mary Wright Comer in McMinnville, Tennessee, made this quilt around 1875. Mary's family, which settled near Gordon, Nebraska, used this quilt and her grandson, Charles Phillips, donated it to the Nebraska State Historical Society.
Running Stitch: A hand-needlework technique in which the needle accumulates several stitches before being drawn through the cloth. The running stitch is used in both piecing and quilting.
Alternate name: Turkey Tracks
Thomas Washington Dyas
91.5" x 78"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Mrs. Edwin Voll,
This quilt is atypical in that a man made it, uncommon but certainly not unheard of. The maker was Thomas Washington Dyas, the donor's great-grandfather. Dyas was born in Kentucky in 1823, was a private in the Illinois Infantry during the Civil War, and eventually settled in Nebraska, passing away at Mascot in 1891. His family called this quilt Bear's Paw.
Sandwich: The term sandwich is sometimes used to describe a quilt because it contains a top, a bottom, and a filling.
Sashing: Border strips that divide the blocks.
Nellie M. Jones, Lincoln, Nebraska
88" x 72"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Roberta Jones Estate,
Nellie M. Jones of Lincoln spent three years embroidering the forty-eight state blocks of this quilt and the Ladies Aid of Bryan Methodist Church quilted it. Nellie, an invalid, entered this quilt in the Lancaster County and Nebraska State Fairs and it won prizes at both. To complement the quilt, Nellie completed a thirty-nine-page booklet detailing the history of the state flower movement and information on each state's flower.
Stitch-in-the-Ditch: Stitches sewn in the "ditch" created by the joints of the pattern
Stitches-Per-Inch: The number of stitches quilted per inch of fabric. When hand quilted, only the stitches appearing on the top of the quilt are counted.
Swallows in the Window
Mother of H. A. Burrill, possibly Connecticut
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Mrs. James P. Vance,
Made by the mother of Fremont, Nebraska, resident H. A. Burrill. According to the 1910 census, Burrell's parents were natives of Connecticut.
Template: A cardboard or plastic shape used as a pattern for tracing either piecing or appliqué patches or for tracing lines to be quilted.
Thread Baste: The process of basting the quilt sandwich by means of using long, hand-sewn stitches that are removed after the final quilting has been completed.
Tied Quilt: A type of quilt in which yarn or thread ties are used to secure the layers rather than quilting stitches.
Maker unknown, possibly made in Ohio
90" x 69"
International Quilt Study Center, Ardis and Robert James Collection,
Usually when this style of star, made of diamond-shaped pieces and arranged so that the color seems to be radiating out from the center, is large and found as the centerpiece of the quilt it is known as a Lone Star, Star of the East, Star of Bethlehem, Rising Sun, or Morning Star. However, if similar, smaller, versions of this star are repeated on a quilt it may be known as a Blazing Star and if the points of these stars are touching, as they are on this quilt, it may be called Touching Stars.
Trapunto: A dimensional design in a quilt where closely sewn lines of stitching are stuffed with batting to make them appear three-dimensional, or raised from the surface. A common style to use in Whole Cloth quilts.
Trip Around the World
Katherine Enevold Grunwald, Omaha, Nebraska
70" x 68"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Berno Marie Anderson,
This popular quilt pattern, with many small pieces arranged in a manner very pleasing to the eye, takes advantage of the light pastel colors so popular in the early twentieth century. Katherine Enevold Grunwald, the maker of this quilt, was born in Germany in 1870 and immigrated to the U.S. in 1889 to live in Omaha with her sister. She married Bernhard Grunwald, who had emigrated from East Prussia about the same time she did. Katherine and Bernhard lived in Omaha all their married life and had three children and one grandchild, Berno Marie Anderson, who inherited and donated this quilt. Katherine was known for her handwork skills and excelled at tatting, needlepoint, and quilting.
93 1/2" x 70 1/2"
Nebraska State Historical Society, Source: Irene Sibert,